An inflammation of the gums characterized by a change in color from normal pink to red, with swelling, bleeding, and often sensitivity and tenderness. These changes result when a layer of bacteria accumulates along the gum line and triggers the body’s inflammatory response. The pocketing or probing depths of tissues are less than or equal to 4mm with bleeding upon probing.
Risk Factors for Gingivitis
Gingivitis Treatment Options
Gingivitis therapy aims to remove the irritating plaque and prevent its return. To help avoid the occurrence of gingivitis or to reverse gingivitis, you should:
The process through which the gum tissue surrounding the tooth wears away – or pulls back – thereby exposing the tooth’s root. Gum recession is a common dental problem, and due to its gradual progression, patients aren’t often aware they have it.
If the recession is being caused by a misaligned bite, our recommendation would be orthodontic treatment to eliminate the bite interference. If orthodontics is not an option, we will recommend a night guard to protect the overloaded teeth during night-time grinding or clenching. If the recession becomes so significant that we completely run out of protective, connective tissue, the now unprotected bone that supports the tooth is at high risk of rapid tissue and bone loss. At this point, we recommend seeing our periodontist (tissue-specialist) to have a connective tissue graft completed to prevent future tooth loss. This involves transplanting a flap of skin and subepithelial connective tissue from the roof of your mouth (palate) and then stitching that tissue around the exposed root.
A bacterial infection of the supporting tissues of the teeth, characterized by a rapid destruction of the periodontal ligament and supporting bone that may lead to tooth loss if not arrested.
Symptoms of Active Periodontitis
Periodontitis Risk Factors
At-home, following in-office active therapy
If the SRP is unsuccessful, other treatment options include
Stable periodontitis is defined as having had an active periodontal disease that has been treated clinically and is now considered stable. The loss of bone remains, but no active infection is present. Indications that the condition is stable include:
Potential Continuing Symptoms
Pink, firm, stippled gum tissue completely filling spaces between the teeth. It has probing depths generally no more than 3mm and is without bleeding or pain.
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